Much like offline harassment, online harassment involves sending abusive or offensive messages to an individual or group. Harassment takes great effort on the part of the bully to hurt the victim. Further, it is intentional, repeated, and constant. The victim will often have no reprieve from the bully.
Cyberstalking is a form of harassment. These messages are often no longer just offensive or rude, but more threatening in nature. Cyberstalking can quickly lead to in-person harassment or stalking. Exclusion comprises of deliberately ostracizing the victim. This may involve leaving them out from social media groups, chat rooms, messages, events, or activities.
When Teasing Becomes Bullying
It may mean purposefully having conversations on social media platforms or apps that the victim does not have access to, or that they see, but are unable to join. The group may then go on to say cruel or rude things about the excluded person behind their back. Outing is when the bully publicly shares private messages, pictures, or other information about the victim on the internet. The information may be trivial or more private and serious, but either way, it is a form of outing.
Masquerading occurs when the bully, or possibly even bullies, assumes another identity to anonymously harass the victim. Often, the bully will know the victim well if they feel the need to hide their identity. The bully may harass or cyberstalk with victim. This is typically done in an attempt to amuse themselves or humiliate the victim.
These various forms of cyberbullying often overlap, and the bully may choose to employ or combine multiple tactics to hurt their target. For example, they may share private information about someone after gaining access to their own account. In addition, all these different kinds of cyberbullying may take place on different devices, social media websites, forums, text messages, or mobile apps. Someone may not even realize they are bullying someone, or even that they are being bullied.
Bullying has become such a pervasive issue in recent years that there are initiatives and laws at multiple levels of government to prevent it. There are no federal laws that specifically address bullying. Cyberstalking is a notable exception to this rule. Though there are no federal laws regarding cyberstalking specifically, it is a criminal action under other anti-stalking and harassment laws. Bullying may overlap with discrimination, harassment, or hate crimes if it is based on race, national origin, color, sex, age, disability, or religion.
If that overlap occurs, federally-funded schools at all levels must address and resolve the harassment. The U. It is a free, confidential service that offers everything from counseling to technical assistance.
If harassment persists, victims should consider filing a formal complaint with both the U. Department of Education and the U. Department of Justice. All fifty states have anti-bullying laws in place.
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Most states, though not all, also have laws meant to prevent cyberbullying. Some states also have policies in place to help guide schools and their districts respond to bullying. Familiarize yourself with the laws and policies in your state. You can find more information at the Cyberbullying Research Center or stopbullying. There may also be local laws in place at the regional, county, or city level. If nothing else, most school districts or school codes of conduct contain anti-bullying language or rules.
Be sure to research the various policies and laws at the local level in your area. As discussed above, one of the most concerning aspects of cyberbullying is how difficult it can be to recognize. Still, teachers should always be on the lookout for signs that a student is either being a bully or being bullied. Some of the warning signs of cyberbullying may overlap with those of traditional bullying.
Facts About Bullying | spyspotirise.cf
However, here are a few things you should look in particular:. One of these symptoms alone may not be immediate cause for concern, but if you begin to notice your teen continually exhibiting many of these behaviors, it may be time to address your concerns with them. Many teenagers hide the fact that they are being bullied, online or in-person, from their parents, teachers, and other adults in their life. Do not take it personally if your teen does not tell you about being bullied. It is an intense, confusing experience that everyone responds to differently, and there are many reasons they may choose not to talk about it with anyone.
They may not know what cyberbullying is, feel embarrassed or ashamed, or worry that their online privileges will be taken away.
They may fear that the bully will retaliate or the abuse will intensify if they speak up, or they may simply want to figure out how to handle this situation on their own. Also be on the look out for warning signs that your teen might be bullying their peers. It may be unexpected or shocking, but cyberbullying is becoming more and more common.
Not only are they deliberately trying to hurt others, but it may also be their own way of seeking attention or help. Some of the signs to look for include:. Again, one of these warning signs may not be a definite indicator that your teenager is cyberbullying others. The reasons why one teen chooses to bully another are complex and varied. They may want to feel powerful, feel the need to act out for attention, or feel like they must control others.
Traditional bullying is known to have adverse effects on victims. Academic performance can suffer, anxiety and depression can develop — and these issues can continue into adulthood. And much like traditional bullying, cyberbullying can have severe, negative consequences for the victim. As with traditional bullying, these issues may persist even after the victim is no longer suffering from cyberbullying, and may continue well into adulthood. As cyberbullying becomes more common and widespread among teenagers and young adults, it becomes increasingly important for parents and teachers to prevent it from happening, to intervene when it does, and to respond appropriately to victims and bullies alike.
Even before they are old enough to use the internet, initiate conversations about internet safety. Be sure to keep this an open dialogue with your teen. You will likely need to have new discussions as their online activities change and new safety concerns arise. Set clear guidelines about how you expect your young adult to behave on the internet.
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Let them know that you expect them to behave as ethically online as you would expect in-person. Consider having your teen sign a Youth Pledge and signing a Parent Pledge yourself. Remind them that there may be consequences if they violate the pledge and ask them to help hold you accountable as well. Encourage them to ask you questions if anything is unclear when they are online.
In addition to general Internet safety practices, educate your teen about cyberbullying. Make sure they know what cyberbullying actually is and that it is not a joke. Just because their friends are doing it for fun does not mean that it is acceptable or that your they have to participate. Emphasize that the Golden Rule — that your teen should treat others the way they want to be treated — still applies when they are online.