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President John Quincy Adams

Lewis, James E. Publication Timeline. Most widely held works by James E Lewis. The American union and the problem of neighborhood : the United States and the collapse of the Spanish empire, by James E Lewis 14 editions published between and in English and held by 1, WorldCat member libraries worldwide. John Quincy Adams : policymaker for the Union by James E Lewis 12 editions published between and in English and held by WorldCat member libraries worldwide This book focuses on John Quincy Adams's extensive role in foreign policy, including his years as secretary of state and as president.

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At the same time, the book shows that Adams was far less successful than many historians suggest. It focuses on Adams's ideals of the centrality of the union to American happiness, the necessity of federal action to protect the union, and the indivisibility of foreign and domestic concerns. This book's examination of these three points casts new light on the logic behind many of Adams's accomplishments and also exposes the sources of some of his failures.

The Burr conspiracy : uncovering the story of an early American crisis by James E Lewis Book 8 editions published between and in English and held by WorldCat member libraries worldwide A multifaceted portrait of the early American republic as seen through the lens of the Burr ConspiracyIn and , Aaron Burr, former vice president of the newly formed American republic, traveled through the Trans-Appalachian West gathering support for a mysterious enterprise, for which he was arrested and tried for treason in This book explores the political and cultural forces that shaped how Americans made sense of the uncertain rumors and reports about Burr's intentions and movements, and examines what the resulting crisis reveals about their anxieties concerning the new nation's fragile union and uncertain republic.

Burr was said to have enticed some people with plans to liberate Spanish Mexico, others with promises of land in the Orleans Territory, still others with talk of building a new empire beyond the Appalachian Mountains. Rather than trying to discover the real intentions of Burr or his accusers--Thomas Jefferson foremost among them--James E.

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Lewis Jr. He also traces the enduring legacy of the stories that were told and accepted during this moment of uncertainty. Adams afterward returned to Quincy, beginning his political career in , when he was elected to the Massachusetts Senate. Adams was an unsuccessful Federalist candidate for election to the United States House of Representatives in the same year. He was later elected as a Federalist to the United States Senate, serving from March 4, until June 8, , breaking with the Federalists and becoming a Republican. Adams served again as minister to Russia from until , chief negotiator of the U.

James United Kingdom of Great Britain from until Adams served as secretary of state in the administration of President James Monroe from until , a tenure during which he was instrumental in the acquisition of Florida. Typically his views were consonant with those espoused by Monroe. Crawford, and Tennessee senator Andrew Jackson —in the presidential election of After Crawford suffered a stroke there was no clear favorite.

After the elections, no one had a majority of either the electoral votes or the popular votes, although Andrew Jackson was the winner of a plurality of both.

John Quincy Adams PB

The House of Representatives had to decide and dropped the electoral votes of Henry Clay, with the least votes. Clay then gave his support to Adams who won on the first ballot and was named president. Adams then named Clay as secretary of state to the angry complaints of Jackson, who alleged a "corrupt bargain" and vowed to run again in Adams served one term as president, from March 4, to March 4, His election marked the end of a period known as the "Era of Good Feelings," an interregnum following the demise of the Federalist Party when the successive administrations of the Virginia Democrats Thomas Jefferson , James Madison , and James Monroe dominated American politics.

During his term, he worked with Henry Clay on developing the American System of internal improvements. In his first annual message to Congress, Adams presented an ambitious program for modernization that included roads, canals, a national university, an astronomical observatory, and other initiatives. The support for his proposals was limited, even among his own supporters. His critics accused him of unseemly arrogance because of his narrow victory.

Most of his initiatives were opposed in Congress by Jackson's supporters, who remained outraged over the election. Nevertheless, some of his proposals were adopted, specifically the extension of the Cumberland Road into Ohio with surveys for its continuation west to St.


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One of the issues which divided the administration was protective tariffs. Calhoun , was an opponent. The position of Adams was unknown, because his constituency was divided. After Adams lost the control of Congress in , the situation became more complicated.

3 editions of this work

He and Clay set up a new party, the National Republican Party, but it never took root in the states. In the elections of , Adams and his supporters lost the control of Congress. Senator Martin Van Buren , a future president and follower of Jackson, became one of the leaders of the Senate. Adams is regarded as one of the greatest diplomats in American history, yet during his term as president, Adams achieved little of consequence in foreign affairs. One of the reasons was the opposition in Congress, where rivals were determined to deny him any mark of success.

For example, when the new Latin American republics, formerly Spanish colonies, convened a congress to promote cooperation in the Western Hemisphere, they invited Adams to send delegates. Congress, however, denied him the money to do so.

Rise to Prominence

After the election of Adams in , the defeated Andrew Jackson resigned from his Senate seat. For four years he worked hard, with help from his supporters in Congress, to defeat Adams in the presidential election of The campaign was very much a personal one. Although neither candidate personally campaigned, their political followers organized many campaign events and both were heatedly attacked in the press. This reached a low point when Jackson's wife, Rachel, was accused of bigamy.

John Quincy Adams PB by James E. Lewis Jr.

She died a few weeks after the elections and Jackson never forgave Adams for this. In the end, Adams lost the election in a landslide. He won exactly the same states that his father had won in the election of The New England states, New Jersey, and Delaware. Jackson won all other states except New York, which gave 16 of his electoral votes to Adams. After his defeat Adams didn't attend Jackson's inauguration, just as his father had been absent at Jefferson's inauguration in Rather than retiring from public life, he went on to win election as a National Republican and Whig to the House of Representatives.

He was asked by his neighbors to run, and he agreed under two conditions: He would never solicit their votes and he would follow his conscience at all times.

Adams served from until his death in